Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are one of the most frequent clinical bacterial infections in women, accounting for nearly 25% of all infections. It is estimated that around 50–60% of women will experience a UTI in their lifetime. A UTI can happen anywhere in your urinary tract. Your urinary tract is made up of your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The most commonly reported UTIs involve the urethra and bladder, in the lower tract (less severe) and is less common in the ureters and kidneys, in the upper tract (more severe).
Lesser- known fact
• 80% of UTIs are re-infections
• The incidence of UTI increases with age and sexual activity
Symptoms of a UTI depend on which part of the urinary tract is infected.
Symptoms of a lower tract UTI include:
• Burning sensation while urinating
• Frequent urination
• Increased urgency of urination
• Bloody urine
• Cloudy urine
• Urine that has a strong odor
• Pelvic pain
Symptoms of an upper tract UTI include:
• Pain and tenderness in the upper back and sides
Every women can take the following steps to help prevent UTI:
• Drink six to eight glasses of water daily
• Do not hold urine for a long period of time
• Talk to your doctor about managing any urinary incontinence or difficulties in fully emptying the bladder.
Causes of UTI
• Reduced mobility after surgery or prolonged bed rest
• Kidney stones
• Urinary tract obstructions or blockages, such as an enlarged prostate, kidney stones, and certain forms of cancer
• Diabetes, especially if poorly controlled, which may make it more likely for you to get a UTI
• Pregnancy- UTIs during pregnancy can cause high blood pressure and premature delivery
• Abnormally developed urinary structures from birth
• A weakened immune system
Untreated UTI become more and more severe with time. A UTI is usually easiest to treat in the lower urinary tract. However, if the infection spreads to the upper urinary tract than it is much more difficult to treat and is more likely to spread into your blood, causing severe infections. This is a life-threatening event.
If you suspect you have a urinary tract infection, head to the doctor immediately. Remember UTIs does not vanish if you ignore them. Get the best treatment and advice from the top gynecologist through Gloheal Virtual ClinicTM and prevent yourself from the severe risk factors of UTI.
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